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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS014 Roll: E Frame: 6812 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS014
Country or Geographic Name: SPAIN
Features: GIBRALTAR, ALGECIRAS, SHIPS
Center Point: Latitude: 36.2 Longitude: -5.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 35
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20061030 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 141532 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 38.2, Longitude: -4.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 218 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 180 nautical miles (333 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 29 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1452
CaptionsGibraltar Bay, Western Mediterranean Sea:
Gibraltar Bay, located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula, is the central feature of this astronaut photograph. The famous Rock of Gibraltar that forms the northeastern border of the bay is formed of Jurassic-era seafloor sediments that solidified into limestone, a rock formed mostly of the mineral calcite, which is found in the shells of sea creatures. The limestone was subsequently lifted above the ocean surface when the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. The cities of La Linea and Algeciras bordering the bay, together with petroleum-processing facilities along the northern shoreline, are part of Spain, whereas the city of Gibraltar itself (to the west of and including the Rock) is under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom.
The protected waters of Gibraltar Bay and its location close to Africa and the Strait of Gibraltar (the gateway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea), contribute to the regionís past and current strategic and economic importance. Numerous ships and several ship wakes are visible within the bay; the majority of these are freighters and cargo tankers accessing the petroleum facilities. Ships nearer to the Rock of Gibraltar are more likely cruise ships, as Gibraltar is a popular destination for tourists. Partial sunglint (light reflected directly back to the camera onboard the International Space Station) within the bay highlights surface water roughened by winds funneled into the bay by the surrounding highlands. One such area is visible directly to the west of La Linea.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .