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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS012-E-15598.JPG 82932639435 No No
View ISS012-E-15598.JPG 10243015201008 No No Not enhancedConverted to JPEG from a raw image
View ISS012-E-15598.JPG 343643540357 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS012-E-15598.JPG 10065311000662 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site

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Mission: ISS012 Roll: E Frame: 15598 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS012
Country or Geographic Name: ITALY
Center Point: Latitude: 45.2 Longitude: 7.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 16
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20060121 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 095533 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 46.1, Longitude: 7.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 154 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 185 nautical miles (343 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 20 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1003


Turin, Italy

Located in the Piedmont (Piemonte in Italian) region of northwestern Italy, the city of Turin (Torino) is an important industrial and cultural center hosting the Twentieth Olympic Winter Games. The Games will draw 2,600 athletes from 82 nations to compete in such traditional winter sports as skating, skiing, biathlon, bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, and luge. Venues for the Games include several locations within downtown Turin and the nearby Alps to the west. The first Olympic Winter Games competition was held in Chamonix, France in 1924 with 258 athletes representing 16 nations.

The image illustrates the striking landscape surrounding the city, with the snow-capped Alps visible to the west and north. The city is located on the northern banks of the famous Po River. Two of the Pos major tributaries are visible in this image, Stura di Lanzo and the Malone River. The built area of Turin appears dark grayish brown with large building complexes indicated by white roofs (bottom image center). La Mandria Regional Park, located along the southwest bank of Stura di Lanzo, is a nature and historical preserve approximately 10 km (6 miles) to the northwest of the city center. Decreasing image contrast over Turin is the result of atmospheric pollution commonly observed in the Po River valley.

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