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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS012-E-15050

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS012-E-15050.JPG 73453639435 No No
View ISS012-E-15050.JPG 8095915201008 No No Not enhancedConverted to JPEG from a raw image
View ISS012-E-15050.JPG 397086540681 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS012-E-15050.JPG 117776510001261 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS012 Roll: E Frame: 15050 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS012
Country or Geographic Name: USA-OHIO
Features: SANDUSKY, BAY, SED. PLUMES
Center Point: Latitude: 41.4 Longitude: -82.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 31
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20060112 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 183959 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 41.8, Longitude: -80.9 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 197 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 184 nautical miles (341 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 25 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 867

Captions

Sandusky, Ohio

Muddy brown water fills Sandusky Bay, just south of Lake Erie in this astronaut photograph. The small city of Sandusky occupies the southeastern shore of the bay. Highway 2 can be seen arcing around the south side of the city. Ferries connect Sandusky to Pelee Island (not visible) in the middle of the lake. In earlier days, Sandusky Bay was known as one of the port sites best protected from rough waters in the Great Lakes.

The most striking aspect of this image is the flow of the brown water in and out of the mouth of the bay. Slight movement of lake surface water, driven mainly by wind, causes a small ebb and flow of bay water. Sediment-charged water is derived from agricultural fields along the Sandusky River upstream. Mud plumes in Lake Erie originate from prior pulses of muddy water from the bay. When this image was taken, some clear, lake water (blue-green strip) appeared to be flowing into the bay.

Sandusky lies midway between Toledo and Cleveland, both about an hourís drive away. Sandusky has a diverse economic base in engineering and chemical plants, as well as boasting one of the most popular vacation destinations in the United States, drawing millions of visitors each year to its very large amusement park, located on the eastern spit between Sandusky Bay and Lake Erie. NASA Glenn Research Center - Plum Brook Station also appears in this image, in the lower right corner.


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