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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS011-E-10575

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS011-E-10575.JPG 65416639435 No No
View ISS011-E-10575.JPG 350883540357 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS011-E-10575.JPG 10796901000661 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS011-E-10575.JPG 115662430322008 No No Not enhancedConverted to JPEG from a raw image

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Identification

Mission: ISS011 Roll: E Frame: 10575 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS011
Country or Geographic Name: USA-WYOMING
Features: YELLOWSTONE LAKE, SHOSHONE LAKE
Center Point: Latitude: 44.5 Longitude: -110.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 42
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20050715 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 231325 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 47.3, Longitude: -110.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: South
Sun Azimuth: 261 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 187 nautical miles (346 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 38 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2021

Captions

Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming

Huge volcanic eruptions that occurred over the past 2 million years formed Yellowstone National Park’s striking landscape. Two eruptions from 1.2 million and 600,000 years ago ejected more than 1,000 cubic kilometers (240 cubic miles) of material each, making them among the largest volcanic eruptions known in the Earth’s geologic record. At the same time, the emptying of the magma chambers beneath Yellowstone created large surface depressions called calderas. The youngest caldera measures nearly 80 kilometers (50 miles) long by 50 kilometers (31 miles) wide. Thought by most geologists to be the current location of a “hot spot” of upwelling, hot material from Earth’s mantle, the continuing activity of the region is demonstrated by its geysers, hot springs, and boiling mud pots.

This astronaut photograph is centered on Yellowstone Lake, a popular camping and fishing location within the National Park. The lake basin includes part of the youngest caldera and has an area of 352 square kilometers (136 square miles). Due to the rise and fall of resurgent domes (the locations of volcanic vents) located nearby, the lake basin is now tilted southwards, causing beaches to grow along the northern shore and flooding to occur in the southern arms of the lake. The West Thumb of Yellowstone Lake was formed by an eruption that occurred approximately 150,000 years ago. The resulting relatively small caldera was subsequently filled with water and joined with the larger lake to the east. Numerous geothermal features such as geysers and hot springs are located in the West Thumb area— this is thought to be due to a relatively shallow, local magma source.

A more recent change to Yellowstone’s geography is the area covered by large fire scars— cleared areas burned during the vast 1988 forest fires. The scars are still highly visible 17 years later because the light-colored cleared regions contrast with the surrounding forest.


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