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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS010-E-5266

Low-resolution Browse Image

(Most browse images are not color adjusted.)

Images

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS010-E-5266.JPG 34388639435 No No
View ISS010-E-5266.JPG 466043540701 Yes Yes Earth From Space collection
View ISS010-E-5266.JPG 62447430322064 No No
View ISS010-E-5266.JPG 153402910001298 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site

Download a Keyhole Markup Language (KML) file for use in Google Earth.

Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.

Identification

Mission: ISS010 Roll: E Frame: 5266 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS010
Country or Geographic Name: LIBYA
Features: AL KHUFRAH OASIS, AGR., ROADS
Center Point: Latitude: 24.0 Longitude: 23.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 19
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20041028 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 065827 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 23.9, Longitude: 24.6 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 124 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 195 nautical miles (361 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 31 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1922

Captions

Green circles in the desert frequently indicate tracts of agriculture supported by center-pivot irrigation. The Al Khufrah Oasis in southeastern Libya (near the Egyptian border) is one of Libya’s largest agricultural projects, and is an easy-to-recognize landmark for orbiting astronauts aboard the International Space Station. Because only about 2 percent of Libya’s land receives enough rainfall to be cultivated, this project uses fossil water from a large underground aquifer. The Libyan government also has a plan called the Great Man Made River to pump and transport these groundwater reserves to the coast to support Libya’s growing population and industrial development.

The center-pivot irrigation system pumps water under pressure into a gantry or tubular arm from a central source. Anchored by a central pivot, the gantry slowly rotates over the area to be irrigated, thereby producing the circular patterns. Although the field diameters vary, these fields are approximately 0.6 mile (1 kilometer) in diameter. Darker colors indicate fields where such crops as wheat and alfalfa are grown. Lighter colors can indicate a variety of agricultural processes: fields that have been harvested recently; fields that are lying fallow; fields that have just been planted; or fields that have been taken out of production.


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  • Camera file
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