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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS010 Roll: E Frame: 5070 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS010
Country or Geographic Name: ARGENTINA
Features: CORRIENTES, PARANA R., GLINT
Center Point: Latitude: -27.5 Longitude: -58.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 12
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20041025 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 163701 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -28.2, Longitude: -58.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 316 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 195 nautical miles (361 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 69 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1881
CaptionsCorrientes, Argentina, and the Parana River
Corrientes, Argentina (population 347,000), sits on the east bank of the Paraná River, South America’s third largest river (after the Negro and Amazon Rivers). From its headwaters in southeastern Brazil, the river flows southwestward around southern Paraguay, and then into Argentina. Corrientes is located just inside Argentina, across the river from the southwestern tip of Paraguay.
The bridge over the Paraná, built in the 1970s, connects Corrientes to its sister city, Resistencia, (beyond the left edge of image) on the western bank of the river. Sun glint on the river gives it a silvery glow and emphasizes channel islands in the river, side channels, and meander scars on the floodplain opposite the city, and even reveals the pattern of disturbed flow downstream of the bridge pylons.
Although it lies 500 miles from the sea, Corrientes is a major port city. Barge traffic from Corrientes supplies landlocked Paraguay and Bolivia and interior parts of Brazil. Local manufactures and farm products are sent downstream to Buenos Aires, where the Paraná empties into the Atlantic Ocean through the Rio de la Plata Estuary. Founded in 1588, the city's name is an abbreviated version of the historic one, “San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes” (San Juan de Vera of the Seven Currents), which honored the city’s founder and the complex behavior of the river in that location. The sun glint on the river highlights the different currents.
The old part of the city appears as a zone of smaller, more densely clustered city blocks along the river to the north of a major highway, which runs through Corrientes from the General Belgrano Bridge to the northeast (upper right of image). Larger blocks of the younger cityscape, with more green space, surround these core neighborhoods.
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