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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS009 Roll: E Frame: 9987 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS009
Country or Geographic Name: SPAIN
Features: BARCELONA, MOUNTAINS, RIVER, AIRPORT
Center Point: Latitude: 41.5 Longitude: 2.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 5
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20040603 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 122321 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 41.7, Longitude: 1.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 202 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 194 nautical miles (359 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 70 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3617
The roofs of Barcelona’s buildings appear as a widespread pink swath on the Mediterranean coastal plain, between forested hills (dark green, top) and the sea. The Llobregat River enters the view top center, cuts through a canyon in the hills and historically constructed a broad, convex delta south of the forested hills. Channelization of the Llobregat River to control flooding has encouraged development of the delta for a variety of urban and agricultural land uses. Barcelona’s airport is located in the central portion of the delta, while the western portion is used for intensive agriculture (light green areas).
Angular patterns on the coast represent the docks of Spain’s largest port, on the east side of the delta. Central Barcelona lies between the docks and dark, forested Montjüic mountain (upper right).The Olympic village, built for the 1992 Olympic Games, occupies the waterfront east of the docks, with the old city just inland. The Besós River, also channelized to control flooding, defines the eastern part of the city. The population of the city proper, roughly between the rivers—a distance of 20 km—is ~1.5 million, but the entire metropolitan region reaches 4 million.
An interesting feature captured in this photograph is a white linear condensation trail silhouetted against the sea (right of image). The shadow of the contrail lies to the north (just offshore the port). Large vessels and their wakes appear as dots offshore just south of the condensation trail.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .