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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS008 Roll: E Frame: 9610 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS008
Country or Geographic Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Features: NALCHIK, FOREST, AIRPORT, AGRICULTURE
Center Point Latitude: 43.5 Center Point Longitude: 43.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 36
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: N1: Nikon D1
Film: 2000E : 2000 x 1312 pixel CCD, RGBG imager color filter.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20031220 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 103617 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 42.7, Longitude: 45.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 205 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 199 nautical miles (369 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 20 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1012
CaptionsNalchik, Caucasus Mts., Russian Federation:
This winter-time view of the city of Nalchik on the north slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, was taken with a handheld camera from the International Space Station in early 2004. Rectangles are the city blocks of Nalchik (population ~240,000), a city which lies where the major Terek River exits from the mountains. The river appears as a meandering line crossing the view, slightly diagonally from right to left. Dark forests (top right and lower right) make the mountain sides appear snow free. A dark line, probably a major canal, crosses the view to the lower left corner. Nalchik is a tourist resort and industrial center. It is the major city of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic (population ~ 750,000), one of five small republics on the north slopes of the Caucasus Mountains, 200 km west of Chechnya.
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