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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS008 Roll: E Frame: 20656 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS008
Country or Geographic Name: UKRAINE
Features: KIEV, DNEPR RIVER, RESERVOIRS
Center Point: Latitude: 50.5 Longitude: 30.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 30
Camera Focal Length: 80mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20040404 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 121239 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 49.5, Longitude: 32.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northwest
Sun Azimuth: 226 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 193 nautical miles (357 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 38 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2675
Last week, The International Space Station Expedition 8 crew took a series of images of the Ukrainian city of Kiev on a reservoir on the Dneiper River. Kiev is the capital of Ukraine and home to nearly 3 million people.
Kiev is rich in the history of western civilization. It was a trade center on the Baltic-Black Sea route in the 11th and 12th centuries, and one of the major cities in the Christian world, until Mongol invaders destroyed the city in 1240. Some of the 11th-century cathedrals, which contain famous artifacts, remain standing and have been restored. Throughout the Middle Ages, Kiev suffered through different occupations, but rose to be the center of Russian Orthodox Christianity by the 1800s. This cosmopolitan city was again largely destroyed during World War II. Despite its turbulent history, many of Kievís world famous artifacts have been rebuilt, and the city is prominent as a cultural center.
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