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Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS008 Roll: E Frame: 19646 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS008
Country or Geographic Name: ATLANTIC OCEAN
Features: HURRICANE CATARINA, EYE, BANDING
Center Point Latitude: Center Point Longitude: (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 50mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 75 (51-75)
NadirGMT Date: 20040327 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 135841 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -35.1, Longitude: -47.1 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction:
Sun Azimuth: 29 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 196 nautical miles (363 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 48 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2550
Captions"Hurricane” Catarina hits Brazil:
Until this past week only two tropical cyclones had ever been noted in the South Atlantic Basin, and no hurricanes. However, late last week, a circulation center well off the coast of southern Brazil developed tropical cyclone characteristics and continued to intensify as it moved westward. The system developed an eye and apparently reached hurricane strength on Friday, March 28, before eventually making landfall late on Saturday, March 27, 2004.
The crew of the International Space Station was notified of the cyclone and acquired excellent photographs of the storm just as it made landfall on the southern Brazilian state of Catarina (the storm has been unofficially dubbed “Hurricane Catarina”). Note the clockwise circulation of Southern Hemisphere cyclones, the well-defined banding features, and the eyewall of at least a Category 1 system. The coastline is visible under the clouds in the upper left corner of the image.
Additional images of this Rare South Atlantic Tropical Cyclone are in the Earth Observatory Natural Hazards section.
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