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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)


















Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS007-E-5366

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 32690540335 Photographic Highlights(resized 540 px images)
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 56664639435 No No
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 105464540402 Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web siteColor adjusted
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 105464540402 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS007-E-5366_2.JPG 123616998619 Photographic Highlights(actual files used)
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 7076971000621 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS007-E-5366.JPG 105185530322064 No No
View ISS007-E-5366_2.JPG 441098661444068 No No PresentationEarth Sciences Results Briefing/Ed Lu

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Electronic Image Data

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Identification

Mission: ISS007 Roll: E Frame: 5366 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS007
Country or Geographic Name: NORTHERN MARIANA IS.
Features: VOLCANIC ERUPTION ON ANATAHAN
Center Point: Latitude: 16.5 Longitude: 145.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 49
Camera Focal Length: 50mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20030511 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 001928 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 14.8, Longitude: 141.8 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 80 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 209 nautical miles (387 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 59 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1520

Captions

It is sleep time on the International Space Station, and astronaut Ed Lu is supposed to be asleep. He is looking out the window and admiring the Pacific Ocean below. Suddenly he realizes something is strange. A huge yellowish-brown plume is sweeping across hundreds of miles of ocean. A major volcanic eruption is in progress—he grabs a camera and shoots.

Space Station crewmembers receive a daily list of photographic targets that include areas of scientific interest and dynamic events. In this case, though, the crew observed the eruption before news had spread to the international media or to the networks that track volcanic events worldwide. Ed checked with NASA Cap Com to find out whether it really was a volcano and precisely where the eruption was occurring.

The eruption was from the volcano on Anatahan Island, which is located 80 miles north of Saipan and is part of the Northern Mariana Island Chain. This small island, 6 miles long by 2 miles wide, has been uninhabited since 1990 when residents were evacuated because of a strong earthquake. The lower photograph shows how Anatahan looked from the Space Shuttle in 1996 (photo STS080-708-28).

On the night of May 10, the Anatahan Volcano announced itself with a vigorous eruption that sent high-level ash over a wide area. About 12 hours later, on May 11 at 00:19 GMT, the crew of the International Space Station observed and photographed this ash plume, describing it as huge. By May 15 a state of emergency had been declared in the Northern Mariana Islands as the eruption appeared to be intensifying.

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