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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 68242639435 No No
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 92749376540 Photographic Highlights(resized 540 px images)
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 118536540540 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 118536540540 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS007-E-13090_2.JPG 195011535768 Photographic Highlights(actual files used)
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 111634830322064 No No
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 199183910001428 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web sitecolor corrected
View ISS007-E-13090_2.JPG 684907761444068 No No PresentationEarth Sciences Results Briefing/Ed Lu
View ISS007-E-13090.JPG 715137930322064 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web sitecolor corrected

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Electronic Image Data

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Mission: ISS007 Roll: E Frame: 13090 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS007
Country or Geographic Name: PAKISTAN
Center Point: Latitude: 33.5 Longitude: 73.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 24
Camera Focal Length: 180mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20030821 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 102502 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 33.7, Longitude: 74.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: West
Sun Azimuth: 257 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 202 nautical miles (374 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 40 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3119


Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Pakistan:
Two capital cities in Pakistan lie next to one another but display land use patterns that are entirely different. Islamabad, with a population of 901,000 (ca. 1998) boasts a master-planned rectangular street pattern nestled against the Margala Hills (top left). The larger Rawalpindi (population 1,406,214 in 1998) lies to the south on the Soan River.

Islamabad has grown rapidly since construction began in 1961. It was created as a new administrative district in Pakistan to be the home of government, the supreme court, and the diplomatic corps. The great white building of the Faisal Mosque appears on the northern margin of the city. By contrast with orthogonal Islamabad, Rawalpindi displays the radial land transportation pattern of many cities with a river flowing through the city center. City blocks are small and growth less controlled than in its newer neighbor. Airports can be seen to the east and south.

Rawalpindi was an important British military center from the mid-1800s during colonial times, and became the interim capital for a decade (1959–69) once the decision was made to move the capital from Karachi inland to be closer to disputed Kashmir and neighboring Muslim countries. Rawalpindi is the headquarters of Pakistan’s army and an administrative, commercial, educational and industrial centre.

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