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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS006-E-23743

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Images

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 78008540396 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 101416540405 Photographic Highlights(540 px resized images)
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 103000639435 No No
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 3430911024768 Photographic Highlights(actual files used)
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 9181561000777 No Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS006-E-23743.JPG 124777530322064 No No

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Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.

Identification

Mission: ISS006 Roll: E Frame: 23743 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS006
Country or Geographic Name: PANAMA
Features: PANAMA CANAL, PANAMA CITY
Center Point: Latitude: 9.0 Longitude: -79.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 32
Camera Focal Length: 85mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 25 (11-25)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20030130 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 203938 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 10.3, Longitude: -81.3 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southeast
Sun Azimuth: 238 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 209 nautical miles (387 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 37 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 3958

Captions

The Panama Canal is a 50-mile long engineering wonder connecting the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Completed by the United States in 1914, it runs southeastward from Colon, through the man-made Gatun Lake, to Panama City on the Pacific side of the Isthmus of Panama. The canal, a major artery of international shipping, uses a series of massive locks, manmade lakes, and water supplied by the copious tropical rainfall of the region to lift and lower transiting ships a height of 85 feet over the continental divide.

Thick rainforests border the canal, and the protected Canal Zone is easily delineated by the dark green band of forest, which contrast the lighter green cultivated areas of Panama. The ecologically sensitive Canal Zone supports diverse lowland rainforest that is crucial for water balance and erosion/siltation control around the canal. Scientists monitor the edges of the Canal Zone rainforest for degradation from development.

The crew of the International Space Station acquired this image on the afternoon of January 30, 2003, using an electronic still camera with 85 mm lens. Fair-weather cumulus clouds from the Caribbean can be seen pouring southward through the natural gap in this mountain chain of Central America.

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