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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS005 Roll: E Frame: 7002 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS005
Country or Geographic Name: USA-HAWAII
Features: MAUNA LOA, MOKUAWEOWEO CALDERA
Center Point: Latitude: 19.5 Longitude: -155.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20020706 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 231855 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 17.7, Longitude: -155.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 294 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 213 nautical miles (394 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 77 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 715
CaptionsAstronauts obtained this detailed image of the summit caldera of Mauna Loa volcano, called Mokuaweoweo Caldera. Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet—the summit elevation is 4,170 m (over 13,600 ft), but the volcano’s summit rises 9 km above the sea floor. The sharp features of the summit caldera and lava flows that drain outward from the summit are tribute to the fact that Mauna Loa is one of the Earth’s most active volcanoes. The most recent eruption was in 1984. The straight line that cuts through the center of the crater from top to bottom is a rift zone—an area that pulls apart as magma reaches the surface.
A weather observatory run by NOAA’s Climate Monitoring & Diagnostics Lab is on the volcano’s north slope at 11,000 ft (3397 m). This facility, known as the Mauna Loa Observatory, is the site where scientists have documented the constantly increasing concentrations of global atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Other resources about Mauna Loa:
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .