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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)


















Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS005-E-7002

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS005-E-7002.JPG 61414639435 No No From STIC, color adjusted
View ISS005-E-7002.JPG 75260540671 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS005-E-7002.JPG 392944539668 Photographic Highlights(540 px resized images)
View ISS005-E-7002.JPG 103218210001513 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS005-E-7002.JPG 117454730322064 No No Public Affairs Office (PAO)From STIC, color adjusted

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Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.

Identification

Mission: ISS005 Roll: E Frame: 7002 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS005
Country or Geographic Name: USA-HAWAII
Features: MAUNA LOA, MOKUAWEOWEO CALDERA
Center Point: Latitude: 19.5 Longitude: -155.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20020706 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 231855 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 17.7, Longitude: -155.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: North
Sun Azimuth: 294 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 213 nautical miles (394 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 77 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 715

Captions

Astronauts obtained this detailed image of the summit caldera of Mauna Loa volcano, called Mokuaweoweo Caldera. Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet—the summit elevation is 4,170 m (over 13,600 ft), but the volcano’s summit rises 9 km above the sea floor. The sharp features of the summit caldera and lava flows that drain outward from the summit are tribute to the fact that Mauna Loa is one of the Earth’s most active volcanoes. The most recent eruption was in 1984. The straight line that cuts through the center of the crater from top to bottom is a rift zone—an area that pulls apart as magma reaches the surface.

A weather observatory run by NOAA’s Climate Monitoring & Diagnostics Lab is on the volcano’s north slope at 11,000 ft (3397 m). This facility, known as the Mauna Loa Observatory, is the site where scientists have documented the constantly increasing concentrations of global atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Other resources about Mauna Loa:
http://www.cmdl.noaa.gov/obop/mlo/


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