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(NASA Crew Earth Observations)

Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record


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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS005-E-21125.JPG 77138639435 No No
View ISS005-E-21125.JPG 100349540872 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS005-E-21125.JPG 173888540334 Photographic Highlights(540 px resized images)
View ISS005-E-21125_2.JPG 374341871539 Photographic Highlights(actual files used)
View ISS005-E-21125.JPG 51176310001469 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS005-E-21125.JPG 158880330322064 No No

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Mission: ISS005 Roll: E Frame: 21125 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS005
Country or Geographic Name: AUSTRALIA-NSW
Center Point: Latitude: -32.5 Longitude: 142.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)


Camera Tilt: 27
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.


Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)


GMT Date: 20021121 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 073500 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: -32.4, Longitude: 140.2 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 259 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 217 nautical miles (402 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 21 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2857


Sections of Australia are experiencing their worst drought in 100 years. In the outback of New South Wales, farms along the Darling River have received only 10 inches of rain in the past two years, forcing farmers to sell their livestock and let fields lie fallow. Astronauts aboard the International Space Station documented conditions in Australia last week, including these images of Lake Tandou in the Menindee Lake system along the Darling River.

The Menindee Lakes are part of an innovative water conservation project. Although this lakebed is protected from flooding and is used for agriculture (primarily cotton, sunflower and grains), it is one of several interconnected lakes that sit along the lower Darling River like a string of pearls. Other lakes function as water capture reservoirs to support controlled water flow for environmental and agricultural needs down river, and to provide flood mitigation. The original water management scheme was initiated in 1949. Several recent policies have established sustainable management of the regional water supplies, including caps on water diversions and increased water allocations and flow regimes for environmental conservation the region supports a very high biodiversity. The area is also near the center of the aboriginal Baakantji country, as they traveled up and down the Darling River.

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