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Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record

ISS004-E-7999

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(Most browse images are not color adjusted.)

Images

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File NameFile Size (bytes)WidthHeightAnnotatedCroppedPurposeComments
View ISS004-E-7999_2.JPG 61751400272 No No Photographic HighlightsFrom STIC, color adjusted
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 90730540604 Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 99161639435 No No From STIC, color adjusted
View ISS004-E-7999_2.JPG 343607436540 Photographic Highlights540 px resized images
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 654624620768 Photographic Highlightsactual files used
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 133559130322064 No No Earth From Space collection
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 133559130322064 No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site
View ISS004-E-7999_2.JPG 133559130322064
View ISS004-E-7999.JPG 158678930322064 No No From STIC, color adjusted

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Electronic Image Data

Camera Files >> No sound file available.

Identification

Mission: ISS004 Roll: E Frame: 7999 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS004
Country or Geographic Name: GUATEMALA
Features: SANTA MARIA VOLCANO, SMOKE
Center Point: Latitude: 15.0 Longitude: -91.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:

Camera

Camera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.

Quality

Film Exposure:
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)

Nadir

GMT Date: 20020217 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 164104 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 20.9, Longitude: -86.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)

Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Southwest
Sun Azimuth: 147 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 205 nautical miles (380 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 52 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2542

Captions

The eruption of Santa Maria volcano in 1902 was one of the largest eruptions of the 20th century, forming a large crater on the mountain’s southwest flank. Since 1922, a lava-dome complex, Santiaguito, has been forming in the 1902 crater. Growth of the dome has produced pyroclastic flows as recently as the 2001—they can be identified in this image. The city of Quezaltenango (approximately 90,000 people in 1989) sits below the 3772 m summit. The volcano is considered dangerous because of the possibility of a dome collapse such as one that occurred in 1929, which killed about 5000 people. A second hazard results from the flow of volcanic debris into rivers south of Santiaguito, which can lead to catastrophic flooding and mud flows.

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