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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS004 Roll: E Frame: 6249 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS004
Country or Geographic Name: KIRIBATI
Features: KIRITIMATI (CHRISTMAS ISLAND)
Center Point Latitude: 2.0 Center Point Longitude: -157.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 12
Camera Focal Length: 400mm
Camera: E4: Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20020116 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 205659 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 1.4, Longitude: -158.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 132 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 216 nautical miles (400 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 56 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2045
CaptionsPronounced “Ki-ris-mas,” Kiritimati Island has a large infilled lagoon that
gives it the largest land area (125 square miles, 321 square km) of any atoll
in the world. Captain Cook named the atoll Christmas Island when he arrived on
Christmas Eve in 1777. Used for nuclear testing in the 1950s and 1960s, the
island is now valued for its marine and wildlife resources. It is particularly
important as a seabird nesting site—with an estimated 6 million birds using or
breeding on the island, including several million Sooty Terns. Rainfall on
Kiritimati is linked to El Niño patterns, with long droughts experienced
between the wetter El Niño years.
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