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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS002 Roll: E Frame: 6176 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS002
Country or Geographic Name: AZERBAIJAN
Features: BAKU, OIL RIGS
Center Point: Latitude: 40.5 Longitude: 50.0 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: 44
Camera Focal Length: 800mm
Camera: E2: Kodak DCS460 Electronic Still Camera
Film: 3060E : 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
GMT Date: 20010507 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 105059 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 38.3, Longitude: 47.4 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: Northeast
Sun Azimuth: 241 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 210 nautical miles (389 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 56 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 2073
CaptionsBaku is Azerbaijanís major city, and the oil capital of the Caspian region. This detailed view taken by the Expedition 2 crew on the International Space Station shows details of the city, including the extensive port facilities, and part of the large web of offshore oil platforms in the Caspian Sea. The oil platforms off Baku were built in the 1950s and 1960s, and were the first offshore oil-drilling efforts in the world. A larger offshore complex (not pictured here) called the Oily Rocks included multistory dormitories, stores, and other infrastructures to support the thousands of workers employed by the oil industry. Today, multinational oil exploration, sea-level rise (the Caspian sea has risen more than 2 meters in the past 20 years), offshore platform maintenance, and environmental degradation are all hot topics in Baku.
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Recommended Citation: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth." .