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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
(NASA Crew Earth Observations)
Astronaut Photography of Earth - Display Record
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IdentificationMission: ISS001 Roll: 702 Frame: 110 Mission ID on the Film or image: ISS001
Country or Geographic Name: IRAQ
Features: TIGRIS, AL HAWIZAH MARSH
Center Point Latitude: 31.5 Center Point Longitude: 47.5 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Stereo: (Yes indicates there is an adjacent picture of the same area)
ONC Map ID: JNC Map ID:
CameraCamera Tilt: High Oblique
Camera Focal Length: 250mm
Camera: HB: Hasselblad
Film: 5069 : Kodak Elite 100S, E6 Reversal, Replaces Lumiere, Warmer in tone vs. Lumiere.
Percentage of Cloud Cover: 10 (0-10)
NadirGMT Date: 20010305 (YYYYMMDD) GMT Time: 124426 (HHMMSS)
Nadir Point Latitude: 50.9, Longitude: 0.7 (Negative numbers indicate south for latitude and west for longitude)
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: East
Sun Azimuth: 191 (Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point)
Spacecraft Altitude: 201 nautical miles (372 km)
Sun Elevation Angle: 33 (Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point)
Orbit Number: 1090
CaptionsThe Al Hawizah Marshes comprise the largest remaining tract of wetlands in the Mesopotamian Marshlands of Iran and Iraq. In the last 10 years, damming and diversion of waters from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, and draining of wetlands has led to a loss of 85% of wetlands that once covered about 20,000 square km (7,725 square miles).
This ecological disaster has been studied using Landsat data and summarized in a report by the United Nation Environment Programme’s Division of Early Warning and Assessment, entitled The Mesopotamian Marshlands: Demise of an Ecosystem. [Print Resolution (13.3 MB)].
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