The otherworldly footprint of black basaltic lava creates a striking
landscape at Black Point Lava Flow in northern Arizona, seen in this
photograph taken from the International Space Station. The flow is part
of Arizona’s San Francisco Volcanic Field,
a group of geologically young (approximately six million to less than
one thousand years old) volcanoes, lava flows, and cinder cones located
just north of Flagstaff, Arizona.
When it erupted onto the surface, the Black Point Lava flowed
eastward over the older Permian and Triassic sedimentary rock sequences
(spanning the period from roughly 300 to 240 million years ago) that
are so well known around the vicinity of the Grand Canyon. The eastern edge of the flow slumps down to the surrounding plain, and it ends along the Little Colorado River (lower right).
Black Point Lava Flow is an excellent setting for training and
systems testing for future exploration missions to the moon. In late
August and early September 2009, scientists and engineers from NASA and
several universities will travel to the Black Point Lava Flow to
conduct tests for NASA’s Lunar Electric Rover.
This year, a team of geologists will support the tests, simulating
traverses that might occur on the moon. The public is invited to follow
the tests through blogs and other postings online.
Astronaut photograph ISS020-E-33530
was acquired on August 21, 2009, with a Nikon D3 digital camera fitted
with an 800 mm lens, and is provided by the ISS Crew Earth Observations
experiment and Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, Johnson Space
Center. The image was taken by the Expedition 20 crew. The image in this article has been cropped and enhanced to improve contrast. Lens artifacts have been removed. The International Space Station Program
supports the laboratory to help astronauts take pictures of Earth that
will be of the greatest value to scientists and the public, and to make
those images freely available on the Internet. Additional images taken
by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Caption by Cynthia A. Evans, NASA-JSC.